The information stated within this document is for reference only, and is not intended to be used as a basis for exact pool and pool water maintenance. Please contact a pool water specialist in your area for more precise and concise pool water maintenance requirements and to set up a suitable pool water maintenance regimen for the specific pool.

Opening Your Pool

Remove, clean and store the pool cover

Thoroughly clean and vacuum the pool

Add water to the desired height at the prescribed rate of 1″ (25mm) per hour

Test water balance, pH, Calcium Hardness and Total Alkalinity levels

Inspect electrical service, filters, skimmers, drains, ladders, diving boards, plugs, gauges, and other important components of the system

Lubricate fittings, valves, o-rings, and plugs

Inspect tile and grout installations, and clean tiles and skimmer with cleanser

Take a sample of pool water to a pool water expert for analysis

Clean and inspect pool deck

Skim pool water surface and vacuum pool bottom

Backwash filter if necessary

Shock pool water to breakpoint levels

Adopt a routine maintenance program for the season

Add algaecide as required

Pool Maintenance 2-3 times a week:

Empty skimmer and pump basket (may require more frequent cleaning)

Vacuum the pool two to three times a week. Brush the sides and bottom of your pool, even if you have an automatic pool cleaner as this will loosen dirt and other particles that may adhere to pool finish.

Weekly Pool Maintenance:

Remove any large accumulation of debris on the bottom with a leaf scoop.

Feed the pool with chlorine or other sanitizer to satisfy its requirements either manually or automatically.

Check that the water level is high enough for the pump to operate correctly.

Test and adjust sanitizer level (may require more frequent testing depending upon bather load and environmental conditions)

Visually inspect pool water for clarity, color and visible contaminants

Remove floating leaves

Test and adjust pH (may require more frequent testing depending upon bather load and environmental conditions)

The pH should be in the range 7.4 – 7.7 if the pool has a vinyl or tile finish. The range should be 7.3 -7.5 if the pool has a fiberglass finish. The range should be 7.4-7.6 for a gunite swimming pool. If the level is too high, then adjust it down using pH decreaser. The correct dosage is located on the label.

If the pH is too low, then add pH increaser. Again see labels for dosage. If the pH has dropped possibly so has your total alkalinity.

Don’t correct your pH more than once a week.

Test chlorine levels in the pool water:

Free chlorine levels should be between 1-3 ppm

Free bromine levels should be between 3-5 ppm

Test and adjust Alkalinity

Test and adjust Oxidizer and Stabilizer levels

Clean the tile at the water line

Check filter pressure and backwash only if required

Check water level and adjust as necessary at the prescribed rate of 1″ (25mm) per hour

Add a preventative dose of algaecide as necessary

Shock the pool as per label instructions. This treatment restores the sparkle to the pool water and destroys germs and organic contaminants (can be done once every 2 weeks)

Monthly Pool Maintenance:

Test and adjust Calcium Hardness

Test and adjust for Total Dissolved Solids

Test the total alkalinity, which should be in the range of 120-150 ppm.

Chemically clean the filter

Visually inspect tile, grout, sealant, and other exposed elements of pool

Conduct Langelier Saturation Index evaluation and adjust as necessary

Test your salt levels if you have a saltwater pool.

If you have a vinyl liner – check for holes and tears and make any needed repairs as soon as possible.

If you have a concrete, gunite pool or fiberglass pool, check for cracks.

Check the seals in your motor and pump.

Check all handrails, steps and other safety equipment to be sure that it’s in proper working order.

Closing a Pool:

Balance the pool water chemistry, typically to the following levels:

pH: 7.2 – 7.6

Total Alkalinity: 80 – 120 parts per million (ppm)

Calcium Hardness: 180 – 220 ppm

Run the filter continuously for 24 – 48 hours

Remove skimmer baskets, cleaners, ladders, wall fittings, and solar blankets from the pool

Lower the water level in the pool to 6″ (150mm) below the skimmer level at the prescribed rate of 1″ (25mm) per hour

Drain all pumping, filtering, heating, and sanitizing equipment to prevent damage caused by freezing

Lubricate o-rings, valves and plugs to make opening the pool in the spring easier

Thoroughly clean and vacuum the pool

Winterize the plumbing by blowing out the lines and plug the lines with expansion plugs

Add winterizing algaecide

Cover the pool with a tight fitting cover

NOTE: Always follow label directions when adding any pool maintenance products to the pool. Never mix products together. If unsure how products are to be used, contact your local pool professional.